India (Cricket History, Records, All Players Shorts Profile Who Played till 2022)

The India men’s national cricket team, also called Team India or the Men in Blue, plays international cricket for India. It is run by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) and is a Full Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One Day International (ODI), and Twenty20 International (T20I) status.

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In the 1800s, British sailors brought cricket to the Indian subcontinent, and in 1792, the first cricket club was set up. On June 25, 1932, India’s national cricket team played its first international match at Lord’s. It was the sixth team to be given Test cricket status. India didn’t win its first Test match until 1952, which is almost twenty years later. During the first fifty years of international cricket, only 35 of the 196 Tests were won. In the 1970s, however, players like Sunil Gavaskar, Gundappa Viswanath, Kapil Dev, and the Indian spin quartet made the team stronger.

In limited-overs cricket, India played its first ODI in 1974 and its first T20I in 2006. The team has won five major ICC tournaments. They have won the Cricket World Cup twice (1983 and 2011), the ICC T20 World Cup once (2007), and the ICC Champions Trophy twice (2002 and 2013). They have also come in second place in the World Cup (2003), the T20 World Cup (2014), and the Champions Trophy twice (2000 and 2017). The team also came in second place in the first-ever ICC World Test Championship (2019–2021). After the West Indies, they were the second team to win the World Cup. They were also the first team to win the World Cup on their own land.


Early history (1700s–1918):

In the early 1700s, the British brought cricket to India, and the first game was played in 1721. In 1848, the Parsi people of Bombay started the first Indian cricket club. It was called the Oriental Cricket Club. In 1877, after a slow start, the Europeans finally asked the Parsis to play a match. By 1912, the Parsis, Sikhs, Hindus, and Muslims of Bombay played a tournament with the Europeans every year.

Some Indians went on to play cricket for England in the early 1900s. Some of them, like Ranjitsinhji and KS Duleepsinhji, were very popular with the British. Their names are now on the Ranji Trophy and the Duleep Trophy, which are two of India’s most important first-class tournaments. In 1911, an Indian team led by Bhupinder Singh of Patiala went on their first official tour of the British Isles, but they didn’t play the England cricket team. Instead, they played only English county teams.

Test match status (1918–1970):

Test status (1918–1970) In 1926, India joined the Imperial Cricket Council and made its Test debut in England in 1932 under CK Nayudu, the best Indian batsman at the time. London’s Lord’s hosted the one-off Test. The team lost 158 runs due to poor batting. 1933 saw India’s first Test series. England visited Bombay (now Mumbai) and Calcutta for two Tests (now Kolkata). 2–0, visitors.

The Indian team improved throughout the 1930s and 1940s but never won an international match. During the Second World War, India didn’t play Test cricket. The first series as an independent nation was against Sir Donald Bradman’s Invincibles in late 1947. (a name given to the Australia national cricket team of that time). India’s first non-England Test series. In his final Australian summer, Bradman tormented the Indian bowling to win the five-match series 4–0. In 1948, India hosted their first Test series against the West Indies. West Indies won 1-0. Queen Elizabeth II with Indian team players during 1952 England tour.

In 1952, India won their first Test against England at Madras. The Men in Blue won their first Test series against Pakistan later that year. They won a 1956 series against New Zealand, continuing their improvement. They lost poorly to strong Australian and English teams in the rest of the decade. India lost the Test by an innings on 24 August 1959, giving England its only 5–0 whitewash. India became a strong home team throughout the next decade. In 1961–62, they won their first home Test series against England and New Zealand. Pakistan, Australia, and England all drew home series. In 1967–68, India won their first overseas series against New Zealand.

Success in one-day cricket during the ICC Cricket World Cup (1970–1985):

When One Day International (ODI) cricket started in 1971, it changed the game in a new way. But India wasn’t thought to be good at ODIs at this point, and batsmen like the captain Gavaskar were known for playing defensively. India’s ODI team was weak at first, and in the first two Cricket World Cups, they didn’t make it to the second round. Gavaskar famously blocked his way to 36 not out off 174 balls against England in the first World Cup in 1975. India only scored 132 for 3 and lost by 202 runs.

India, on the other hand, had a strong team in Test matches. They were especially good at home, where their stylish batsmen and tricky spinners worked well together. In the third Test between India and the West Indies at Port-of-Spain in 1976, Viswanath’s 112 runs helped India beat the West Indies. In November 1976, the team set another record by scoring 524 for 9 against New Zealand at Kanpur without a single batsman getting a century. There were six fifties, and Mohinder Amarnath’s score of 70 was the best. In Test cricket, this was only the eighth time that all eleven batsmen reached double digits.

21st century:

Sourav Ganguly and John Wright, India’s first foreign coach, improved the Indian squad. India’s 2001 Test series win over Australia retained their unbroken home record. In the Kolkata Test match, India became only the third Test team to win after following on. Australian skipper Steve Waugh called India the “Final Frontier” due to his team’s inability to win a Test series there. India reached the 2003 Cricket World Cup final in South Africa after winning the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka. They lost against Australia. After losing the Test series in 2006, India won 17 consecutive ODIs while batting second in Pakistan.

India won its maiden Twenty20 international in South Africa in December 2006. Before the 2007 Cricket World Cup, Indian ODI fortunes improved. Series triumphs against the West Indies and Sri Lanka, Ganguly’s return, Tendulkar’s form, and the rise of young players like Robin Uthappa led many commentators to predict India’s 2007 Cricket World Cup victory. India lost to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka and missed the second round.


NameAgeBatting styleBowling styleDomestic teamIPL TeamC/GFormsS/NLast TestLast ODILast T20I
Captain; batter
Rohit Sharma35Right-handedRight-arm off spinMumbaiMumbai IndiansA+Test, ODI, T20I45 2022 20222022
Vice-captain; batter
KL Rahul30Right-handedRight-arm mediumKarnatakaLucknow Super GiantsATest, ODI, T20I1 2022 2022 2022
Ajinkya Rahane34Right-handedRight-arm off spinMumbaiKolkata Knight RidersBTest27 2022 2018 2016
Cheteshwar Pujara34Right-handedRight-arm leg spinSaurashtraBTest25 2022 2014
Hanuma Vihari29Right-handedRight-arm off spinHyderabadCTest44 2022
Mayank Agarwal31Right-handedRight-arm off spinKarnatakaPunjab KingsCTest16 2022 2020
Ruturaj Gaikwad25Right-handedRight-arm off spinMaharashtraChennai Super KingsODI, T20I31 2022 2022
Shikhar Dhawan37Left-handedRight-arm off spinDelhiPunjab KingsCODI42 2018 2022 2021
Shreyas Iyer28Right-handedRight-arm leg spinMumbaiKolkata Knight RidersBTest, ODI, T20I41 2022 2022 2022
Shubman Gill23Right-handedRight-arm off spinPunjabGujarat TitansCTest, ODI77 2022 2022
Suryakumar Yadav32Right-handedRight-arm mediumMumbaiMumbai IndiansCODI, T20I63 20222022
Virat Kohli34Right-handedRight-arm mediumDelhiRoyal Challengers BangaloreA+Test, ODI, T20I18 2022 2022 2022
Axar Patel28Left-handedLeft-arm orthodox spinGujaratDelhi CapitalsBTest, ODI, T20I20 2022 2022 2022
Deepak Hooda27Right-handedRight-arm off spinRajasthanLucknow Super GiantsODI, T20I57 2022 2022
Hardik Pandya29Right-handedRight-arm medium-fastBarodaGujarat TitansCODI, T20I33 2018 2022 2022
Jayant Yadav32Right-handedRight-arm off spinHaryanaGujarat TitansTest, ODI22 2022 2022
Ravichandran Ashwin36Right-handedRight-arm off spinTamil NaduRajasthan RoyalsATest, ODI, T20I99 2022 2022 2022
Ravindra Jadeja34Left-handedLeft-arm orthodox spinSaurashtraChennai Super KingsATest, ODI, T20I8 2022 2022 2022
Shahbaz Ahmed28Left-handedLeft-arm orthodox spinBengalRoyal Challengers BangaloreODI47 2022
Venkatesh Iyer27Left-handedRight-arm mediumMadhya PradeshKolkata Knight RidersODI, T20I25 2022 2022
Washington Sundar23Left-handedRight-arm off spinTamil NaduSunrisers HyderabadCODI, T20I5 2021 2022 2022
Ishan Kishan24Left-handedJharkhandMumbai IndiansODI, T20I32 2022 2022
Rishabh Pant25Left-handedDelhiDelhi CapitalsATest, ODI, T20I17 2022 2022 2022
Sanju Samson28Right-handedKeralaRajasthan RoyalsODI, T20I9 2022 2022
Wriddhiman Saha38Right-handedBengalGujarat TitansCTest6 2021 2014
Pace bowlers
Arshdeep Singh23Left-handedLeft-arm medium-fastPunjabPunjab KingsODI, T20I2 2022 2022
Avesh Khan26Right–handedRight-arm fast-mediumMadhya PradeshLucknow Super GiantsODI, T20I65 2022 2022
Bhuvneshwar Kumar32Right-handedRight-arm mediumUttar PradeshSunrisers HyderabadCODI, T20I15 2018 2022 2022
Deepak Chahar30Right-handedRight-arm mediumRajasthanChennai Super KingsCODI, T20I90 2022 2022
Harshal Patel32Right-handedRight arm mediumHaryanaRoyal Challengers BangaloreT20I36 2022
Ishant Sharma34Right-handedRight-arm fast-mediumDelhiBTest97 2021 2016 2013
Jasprit Bumrah29Right-handedRight-arm fastGujaratMumbai IndiansA+Test, ODI, T20I93 2022 2022 2022
Kuldeep Sen26Right-handedRight-arm fast-mediumMadhya PradeshRajasthan RoyalsODI4 2022
Mohammed Shami32Right-handedRight-arm fastBengalGujarat TitansATest, ODI, T20I11 2022 2022 2022
Mohammed Siraj28Right-handedRight-arm medium-fastHyderabadRoyal Challengers BangaloreBTest, ODI, T20I73 2022 2022 2022
Prasidh Krishna26Right-handedRight-arm fast-mediumKarnatakaRajasthan RoyalsODI24 2022
Shardul Thakur31Right-handedRight-arm mediumMumbaiKolkata Knight RidersBTest, ODI, T20I54 2022 2022 2022
Umesh Yadav35Right-handedRight-arm fastVidarbhaKolkata Knight RidersCTest, T20I70 2022 2018 2022
Umran Malik23Right-handedRight-arm fastJammu and KashmirSunrisers HyderabadODI, T20I55 2022 2022
Spin bowlers
Kuldeep Yadav28Left-handedLeft-arm unorthodox spinUttar PradeshDelhi CapitalsTest, ODI, T20I23 2022 2022 2022
Ravi Bishnoi22Right-handedRight-arm leg spinRajasthanLucknow Super GiantsODI, T20I56 2022 2022
Yuzvendra Chahal32Right-handedRight-arm leg spinHaryanaRajasthan RoyalsCODI, T20I3 2022 2022

Cricket World Cup Record:

World Cup record 
 1975Round 16/831200Squad 
 1979Round 17/830300Squad 
 1992Round 17/982501Squad 
 1999R2 (Super 6s)6/1284400Squad 
 2007Group Stage9/1631200Squad 
Total2 titles12/1285532912

T20 World Cup Record:

T20 World Cup record 
 2009Super 8s7/1252300Squad 
 2010Super 8s8/1252300Squad 
 2012Super 8s5/1254100Squad 
 2021Super 12s6/1653200Squad 
Total1 title8/844271511


Test results against other countries

OpponentMatchesWonLostTiedDraw% Won% Lost% DrewFirstLast
 New Zealand62221302735.4820.9643.5419552021
 South Africa42151701035.7140.4723.8019922022
 Sri Lanka4622701747.8215.2136.9519822022
 West Indies98223004622.4430.6146.9319482019