England cricket represents England and Wales internationally. Since 1997, the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) has controlled it, replacing Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) since 1903. England, a founding nation, is an ICC Full Member having Test, ODI, and T20I status. Since Scotland and Ireland were not ICC members until the 1990s, their players played for England. England, Australia, and South Africa founded the Imperial Cricket Conference on June 15, 1909, after playing the inaugural Test match (15–19 March 1877). England and Australia played the inaugural ODI on 5 January 1971. England’s first T20I versus Australia happened on 13 June 2005.
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England has played 1,057 Tests, winning 386 and losing 317 as of 12 December 2022. (with 354 draws). England has won 32 Ashes in Test series against Australia. England won 389 of 773 ODIs. They won the 2019 Cricket World Cup after appearing in four finals and were runners-up in two ICC Champions Trophies (2004 and 2013). England won 90 of 170 T20Is. They won the 2010 and 2022 ICC T20 World Cups. On 22 November 2022, the ICC placed England fourth in Tests, first in ODIs, and second in T20Is.
An “All-England” team of 11 gentlemen from any region of England save Kent faced “the Unconquerable County” of Kent on July 9, 1739, and lost by “quite few notches”. Over a century, such contests were repeated.
Clarke founded the All-England Eleven in 1846. This side played a United All-England Eleven annually from 1847 to 1856. The players made these matches the most crucial in the English season.
England first toured North America in September 1859. George Parr captained this team of six All-England and six United All-England players. American Civil War diverted attention. Melbourne restaurateurs Messrs Spiers and Pond organized the first English tour of Australia in 1861–62. Before 1877, most tours were “against odds,” with the other team fielding more than 11 players to equal the playing field. The first Australian tour was primarily against 18/11 odds.
In 1863–64, Parr led a second successful tour. On September 21, 1876, James Lillywhite headed another England team on the P&O vessel Poonah. For once, they played an 11-a-side Australian XI. The first Test match began on 15 March 1877 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Charles Bannerman’s first Test century helped the Australian XI win by 45 runs. James Lillywhite’s XI v Combined Victoria and New South Wales was the match’s promotion. At Easter 1877, Lillywhite’s team won a rematch on the same ground by four wickets. England won the inaugural Test match on English soil in 1880, fielding a completely representative squad featuring W. G. Grace.
Ivo Bligh called the 1882–83 tour “the hunt to reclaim the ashes” after this loss. England’s amateur-professional team won 2–1. The Ashes began when Bligh was given an urn with ashes that could be from a bail, ball, or woman’s veil. Australia won the fourth match 4–0. It was not part of the Ashes series. England won the first 10 Ashes series between 1884 and 1898. England played their first Test against South Africa at Port Elizabeth in 1889.
England won the 1890 Ashes 2–0, with the first Test match abandoned in the third match. England won the 1892–93 series after losing 2–1. Andrew Stoddart led England to another 3–2 series success in 1894–95. England swept South Africa in 1895–96. The first MCC-counties selection committee was for the 1899 Ashes series. Grace, Lord Hawke, and Warwickshire captain Herbert Bainbridge played. Before this, England home Test teams were selected by the host club. England lost the 1899 Ashes 1–0, with Grace playing his farewell Test in the first match.
England lost four of eight Ashes series between 1900 and 1914. The team England lost their first series against South Africa in 1905–06 4–1 because to poor batting.
England lost the 1901–02 Ashes to Australia. The 1902 series was entertaining, with Gilbert Jessop recording a Test century in 70 minutes. Australia triumphed. Pelham Warner led England to the 1904 Ashes. Wilfred Rhodes grabbed 15 wickets and R. E. Foster scored 287 on debut. South Africa defeated England 4–1 in 1905–06. Foster led England to a 1–0 win in 1907 to avenge the loss. They lost the 1909 Ashes to Australia, suing 25 players. England lost against South Africa, with Jack Hobbs getting his first of 15 tours centuries.
England won 4–1 in Australia in 1911–12. Rhodes, Hobbs, Frank Woolley, and Sydney Barnes played. England won the next four Tests after losing the first. The last Ashes series before the war.
England tried something new in 1912. England, South Africa, and Australia played a Nine-Test triangular. The Daily Telegraph reported: With Australia sending a depleted team and the South African bowlers proving ineffectual, England dominated the event, winning four of six matches. King George V witnessed Australia-South Africa at Lord’s for the first time. Barnes took 49 wickets as England defeated South Africa 4–0 in their final trip before the First World War.
England’s first post-war match was against Australia in 1920–21. England suffered their first whitewash after losing the series 5–0. Six Australians made hundreds while Mailey bowled 36 Englishmen. The next two Ashes series ended in 3–0 and 4–1 losses. England reclaimed the Ashes in 1926 and defeated Australia 4–1 in the 1928–29 tour.
The West Indies became the fourth Test nation and played their first match against England the same year. Although Learie Constantine did the double on the tour, England won all three Tests by an innings. The press thought their elevation was a mistake. England sent two teams to New Zealand and the West Indies in 1929–30. England defeated New Zealand 1–0 and the West Indies 2–1.
England won the 2010 World Twenty20 in Barbados after a drawn Test series in South Africa. In the 2010–11 Ashes, they won their first series in Australia in 24 years by beating Australia 3–1. They also won all three Tests by an innings, a first for a touring team. 766 runs made Cook Series MVP. England struggled in the 2011 Cricket World Cup. England lost to Ireland, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka in the quarterfinals after defeating South Africa and tied India. However, the squad’s great Test match form continued, and on 13 August 2011, they became the world’s top-ranked Test team after handily whitewashing India 4–0, their sixth consecutive series win and eighth in the past nine series. After losing 3–0 to Pakistan over the winter, England fell 2–0 to South Africa, who took up the top spot. Their first home series loss since 2008 against the same opponent.
Captain Strauss resigned after this loss (and his retirement from cricket). Cook, who had headed the ODI team, replaced Strauss and guided England to a 2–1 win in India, their first since 1984–85. He also became England’s leading century-maker with 23 centuries.
The ECB controls English cricket and the England team. The Board represents England on the International Cricket Council since January 1, 1997. The ECB sells tickets, sponsorship, and broadcasting rights, mostly for the England team. 2006 ECB revenue was £77 million.
The TCCB governed the English team before 1997. Up until the 1976–77 tour of Australia, the England team played as MCC when playing abroad. On the 1996–97 New Zealand tour, England last used MCC bacon-and-egg colors.
Status of Wales:
England traditionally represented Great Britain in international cricket, with Scottish and Welsh sides playing infrequently and players from both countries occasionally representing England. After two years without the TCCB, Scotland joined the ICC in 1994.
The England and Wales Cricket Board is criticized for utilizing Welsh players like Simon and Geraint Jones under the England name. Welsh cricketers play entirely for England, prompting calls for Wales to join the ICC or the ECB to schedule more matches for a Welsh national team. However, Cricket Wales and Glamorgan County Cricket Club have endorsed the ECB, with Glamorgan citing the financial benefits of the Welsh county within the English framework and Cricket Wales claiming they are “committed to continue to play a prominent role within the ECB”. The Welsh National Assembly’s petitions committee’s 2015 report reflected the heated debate. Plaid Cymru’s heritage, culture, sport, and broadcasting spokeswoman and petitions committee member Bethan Jenkins proposed that Wales should have its own international squad and leave the ECB.
Cinch, an online used vehicle marketplace, replaced NatWest as England’s principal partner in February 2021. In April 2022, Castore replaced New Balance as England’s kit manufacturer. England’s Test cricket whites have Cinch on the center and the three lions on the left. English fielders can wear ECB-logoed navy blue or white caps. Navy blue helmets. Before 1997, uniforms had the TCCB lion and stumps insignia, while helmets, jumpers, and headgear had the three lion’s logo.
England’s ODI and Twenty20 shirts include the Cinch logo across the center, the three lions on the left, and the New Balance on the right. The Twenty20 kit is flame red and navy, while the ODI outfit is blue and navy. In ICC limited-overs events, the sponsor’s emblem is on the sleeve and “ENGLAND” appears on the front. England’s ODI kit has alternated between colors of blue (including a pale blue until the mid-1990s, when it was replaced by a brilliant blue) and all-red kits. New Balance supplied ECB with cable-knit test match sweaters in April 2017.
Test team records:
- The most runs scored by a team was 903-7 against Australia at The Oval in 1938.
- Australia at Sydney in 1886/87 was the team with the lowest score, 45.
- In the history of Test cricket, England is the only team to have won 100 games by an innings.
Test individual records:
Most matches: 177 Tests – James Anderson
Longest-serving captain: 64 Tests – Joe Root
Test batting records:
Alastair Cook has the most runs with 12,472.
Best average: 60.73 – Herbert Sutcliffe
- Len Hutton beat Australia at The Oval in 1938 with a score of 364.
- Colin Cowdrey and Peter May scored 411 runs when they played against the West Indies at Edgbaston in 1957.
- Alastair Cook has the most centuries with 33.
- Wally Hammond has the most double centuries with 7.
- Jack Hobbs and Herbert Sutcliffe were the most successful opening pair for England. In 38 innings, for the first wicket, they averaged 87.81, with 15 hundred-run partnerships and 10 more of 50 or more.
- Most ducks: 39, by Stuart Broad
Test bowling records:
Most wickets: 675 – James Anderson
Best average: 10.75 – George Lohmann
Best innings bowling: 10/53 – Jim Laker v. Australia at Old Trafford in 1956
Best match bowling: 19/90 – Jim Laker v. Australia at Old Trafford in 1956
Best strike rate: 34.1 – George Lohmann
Best economy rate: 1.31 – William Attewell
Test results against other countries:
|Opponent||M||W||L||T||D||% Win||First win|
|Australia||356||110||150||0||96||30.89||4 April 1877|
|South Africa||156||66||35||0||55||42.31||13 March 1889|
|West Indies||163||51||59||0||53||31.29||26 June 1928|
|New Zealand||110||51||12||0||46||46.36||13 January 1930|
|India||131||50||31||0||50||38.16||28 June 1932|
|Pakistan||88||28||21||0||39||31.81||5 July 1954|
|Sri Lanka||36||17||8||0||11||47.22||21 February 1982|
|Zimbabwe||6||3||0||0||3||50.00||21 May 2000|
|Ireland||1||1||0||0||0||100.00||26 July 2019|
|Bangladesh||10||9||1||0||0||90.00||25 October 2003|
|Afghanistan||Yet to play|
One Day Internationals:
ODI team records
Most points by a team: 498/4 (50 overs) Netherlands in 2022 at VRA Cricket Ground. The lowest score for a team was 86 against Australia at Old Trafford in 2001 (32.4 overs).
ODI individual records:
Most matches: 225 – Eoin Morgan
Longest-serving captain: 126 matches – Eoin Morgan
ODI batting records:
- Most runs: 6,957 – Morgan Eoin
- Jonathan Trott had the best average with 51.25.
- Best strike rate: 119.47 – Jos Buttler
- Jason Roy scored 180 against Australia at Melbourne Cricket Ground in 2018. This was the highest score by an individual.
- Alex Hales and Jason Roy scored 256* runs together against Sri Lanka at Edgbaston in 2016 to set a new record.
- Joe Root has 16 centuries.
- Eoin Morgan has the most ducks (15)
T20I team records
The most runs scored by a team was 241 against New Zealand at McLean Park in 2019.
India at Colombo (RPS) in 2012 was the team that scored the fewest runs.
T20I individual records:
- Eoin Morgan has the most matches at 115.
- Eoin Morgan has been captain for the longest time, 72 games.
T20I batting records:
Most runs: 2,602 – Jos Buttler
Best average: 38.84 – Dawid Malan
Best strike rate: 147.90 – Liam Livingstone
Alex Hales scored 116* against Sri Lanka in Chittagong in 2014.
Record number of partners: 182 – New Zealand vs. Dawid Malan and Eoin Morgan at McLean Park in 2019
Most centuries: Alex Hales, Dawid Malan, Liam Livingstone, and Jos Buttler all have one.
Most ducks: 9 – Luke Wright and Moeen Ali
T20I bowling records:
Most wickets: Chris Jordan has 95.
Best average: 16.84 – Graeme Swann
Sam Curran’s bowling against Afghanistan at Perth in 2022 gets a 5/10.
Best strike rate: 13.2 – Mark Wood
Best rating for economy: 6.36, by Graeme Swann
This is a list of all the active players who have played for England in the last year (since December 16, 2021) and the forms in which they have played, as well as any other players (in italics) who have been picked for the team’s most recent squad or have some kind of central contract. It doesn’t include former limited-overs captain Eoin Morgan, who quit international cricket in June 2022, or Ben Stokes, who quit ODIs a month later. In September of each year, the ECB gives a number of central contracts to England players who the team’s selectors think will be the core of the team.
Other players who play enough games throughout the year can get Incremental contracts, and fast bowlers who show promise can get Pace bowling development contracts.
|Name||Age||Batting style||Bowling style||Domestic team||C/T||Forms||S/N||Captaincy||Last Test||Last ODI||Last T20I|
|Harry Brook||23||Right-handed||–||Yorkshire||I||Test, T20I||88||2022||–||2022|
|Ben Duckett||28||Left-handed||–||Nottinghamshire||–||Test, T20I||17||2022||2016||2022|
|Alex Hales||33||Right-handed||Right-arm medium||Nottinghamshire||–||T20I||10||2016||2019||2022|
|Keaton Jennings||30||Left-handed||Right-arm medium-fast||Lancashire||–||Test||65||2019||–||–|
|Dan Lawrence||25||Right-handed||Right-arm off break||Essex||–||Test||68||2022||–||–|
|Dawid Malan||35||Left-handed||Right-arm leg spin||Yorkshire||I||Test, ODI, T20I||29||2022||2022||2022|
|Joe Root||31||Right-handed||Right-arm off break/leg spin||Yorkshire||C||Test, ODI||66||2022||2022||2019|
|Jason Roy||32||Right-handed||Right-arm medium||Surrey||I||ODI, T20I||20||2019||2022||2022|
|James Vince||31||Right-handed||Right-arm medium||Hampshire||–||ODI, T20I||14||2018||2022||2022|
|Rehan Ahmed||18||Right-handed||Right-arm leg spin||Leicestershire||–||Test||53||2022||–||–|
|Moeen Ali||35||Left-handed||Right-arm off break||Worcestershire||C||ODI, T20I||18||ODI and T20I (VC)||2021||2022||2022|
|Sam Curran||24||Left-handed||Left-arm medium-fast||Surrey||C||ODI, T20I||58||2021||2022||2022|
|Liam Dawson||32||Right-handed||Slow left-arm orthodox||Hampshire||–||ODI, T20I||83||2017||2022||2022|
|Will Jacks||24||Right-handed||Right-arm off break||Surrey||–||Test, T20I||85||2022||–||2022|
|Liam Livingstone||29||Right-handed||Right-arm leg spin/off break||Lancashire||C||Test, ODI, T20I||23||2022||2022||2022|
|Jamie Overton||28||Right-handed||Right-arm fast||Surrey||P||Test||75||2022||–||–|
|Ben Stokes||31||Left-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Durham||C||Test, T20I||55||Test (C)||2022||2022||2022|
|David Willey||32||Left-handed||Left-arm fast-medium||Yorkshire||I||ODI, T20I||15||–||2022||2022|
|Chris Woakes||33||Right-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Warwickshire||C||Test, ODI, T20I||19||2022||2022||2022|
|Luke Wood||27||Lef-handed||Left-arm fast-medium||Lancashire||–||ODI, T20I||77||–||2022||2022|
|Jonny Bairstow||33||Right-handed||–||Yorkshire||C||Test, ODI, T20I||51||2022||2022||2021|
|Sam Billings||31||Right-handed||–||Kent||–||Test, ODI, T20I||7||2022||2022||2022|
|Jos Buttler||32||Right-handed||–||Lancashire||C||Test, ODI, T20I||63||ODI and T20I (C)||2022||2022||2022|
|Phil Salt||26||Right-handed||–||Lancashire||–||ODI, T20I||61||–||2022||2022|
|James Anderson||40||Left-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Lancashire||C||Test||9||2022||2015||2009|
|Stuart Broad||36||Left-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Nottinghamshire||C||Test||8||2022||2016||2014|
|Brydon Carse||27||Right-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Durham||P||ODI||92||–||2022||–|
|Matthew Fisher||25||Right-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Yorkshire||P||Test||40||2022||–||–|
|George Garton||25||Left-handed||Left-arm fast||Sussex||–||T20I||86||–||–||2022|
|Richard Gleeson||35||Right-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Lancashire||–||T20I||71||–||–||2022|
|Chris Jordan||34||Right-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Surrey||–||ODI, T20I||34||2015||2022||2022|
|Saqib Mahmood||25||Right-handed||Right-arm fast||Lancashire||P||Test, T20I||25||2022||2021||2022|
|Tymal Mills||30||Right-handed||Left-arm fast||Sussex||–||T20I||72||–||–||2022|
|Craig Overton||28||Right-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Somerset||P||Test, ODI||32||2022||2022||–|
|David Payne||31||Right-handed||Left-arm fast-medium||Gloucestershire||–||ODI||78||–||2022||–|
|Matty Potts||24||Right-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Durham||I||Test, ODI||35||2022||2022||–|
|Ollie Robinson||29||Right-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Sussex||C||Test||57||2022||–||–|
|Olly Stone||29||Right-handed||Right-arm fast||Warwickshire||P||ODI, T20I||26||2021||2022||2022|
|Reece Topley||28||Right-handed||Left-arm fast-medium||Surrey||I||ODI, T20I||38||–||2022||2022|
|Mark Wood||32||Right-handed||Right-arm fast||Durham||C||Test, T20I||33||2022||2021||2022|
|Jack Leach||31||Left-handed||Slow left-arm orthodox||Somerset||C||Test||77||2022||–||–|
|Matt Parkinson||26||Right-handed||Right-arm leg spin||Lancashire||–||Test, T20I||70||2022||2021||2022|
|Adil Rashid||34||Right-handed||Right-arm leg spin||Yorkshire||C||ODI, T20I||95||2019||2022||2022|
|Managing director||Robert Key|
|Strategic adviser||Andrew Strauss|
|Performance director||Mo Bobat|
Test coaching staff
|Head coach||Brendon McCullum|
|Assistant coach||Paul Collingwood|
|Batting coach||Marcus Trescothick|
|Spin-bowling coach||Jeetan Patel|
|Wicket-keeping coach||James Foster|
Limited overs coaching staff
|Head coach||Matthew Mott|
|Assistant coach||Richard Dawson|
|Batting coach||Mike Hussey|
|Bowling coach||David Saker|
|Fielding coach||Carl Hopkinson|